BIOMEDICINE SCIENCE FOR HEALTH AND WEALTH
 

 
  Episodes in the history of biomedical research
and the ongoing convergence of science, medicine, and technology.
 
This webpage contains draft chapters in an unfinished manuscript on the characteristics of applied science by Sunny Auyang.  Each chapter investigates a peculiarity of scientific thinking as exemplified in an episode in the history of biomedicine.  Practicality and utility introduce complex conditions and extra criteria of accountability, which make applied research more demanding.