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Mechanical engineering


Burstall, A. F. 1963.  A History of Mechanical Engineering.  London: Faber and Faber.

Calvert, M. A. 1967.  The Mechanical Engineer in America, 1830-1910.  Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins Press.

Cardwell, D. S. L. 1971.  From Watt to Clausius: the Rise of Thermodynamics in the Early Industrial Age.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Moss, M. S, and Hume, J. R. 1977.  Workshop of the British Empire: Engineering and Shipbuilding in the West of Scotland.  London: Heinemann.

Machine tools

Benes, J. J. 1996.  An industry evolves: lathes to computers.  American Machinist, 140(8): 43-132.

Flond, R. 1976.  The British Machine-tool industry: 1850-1914.  New York: Cambridge University Press.

Reintjes, J. F. 1991.  Numerical Control: Making a New Technology.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Rolt, L. T. C. 1965.  A Short History of Machine Tools.  Cambridge: MIT Press.

Wagoner, H. D. 1968.  The U. S. Machine Tool Industry from 1900 to1950.  Cambridge: MIT Press.

Woodbury, R. S. 1972.  Studies in the History of Machine Tools.  Cambridge: MIT Press.

Energy conversion engines

Constant, E. W. II. 1980.  The Origins of the Turbojet Revolution.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Cummins, C. L. Jr. 1976.  Internal Fire.  Lake Oswego, OR: Carnot Press.

St. Peter, J. 1999.  The History of Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines Development in the United States.  Atlanta, GA: International Gas Turbine Institute.


Collins, B. L. 2000.  A standards infrastructure for the future.  Mechanical Engineering. 122(4): 86-92.

Light, W. and Collins, B. L. 2000.  Setting the standards.  Mechanical Engineering, 122(2): 46-53.


Hounshell, D. A. 1984.  From the American System to Mass Production: 1800-1932.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Monden, Y. 1998.  Toyota Production System: An Integrated Approach to Just-in-time, 3rd ed.  Norcross, GA: Engineering and Management Press.

Ohno, T. 1988.  Toyota Production System: Beyond Large-scale Production.  Cambridge, MA: Productivity Press.

Rinehart, J., Huxley, C., and Robertson, D. 1997.  Just Another Car Factory?  Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Whisker, J. B. 1997.  The United States Armory at Springfield: 1795-1865.  Lewiston, UK: Edwin Mellen Press.

Woodbury, R. S. 1959.  The legend of Eli Whitney and interchangeable parts.  Technology and Culture, 1: 235-53.


BU Womack, J. P., Jones, D. T., and Roos, D. 1990.  The Machine that Changed the World: The Story of Lean production.  New York: Harper.

DeCicco, J. and Ross, M. 1994.  Improving automotive efficiency.  Scientific American, December, 52-7.

Rae, J. B. 1959.  American Automobile Manufacturers.  Philadelphia: Chilton Co.

Weiss, M. A., Heywood, J. B., Drake, E. M., Schafer, A., and AuYeung, F. F. 2000.  On the road in 2020: a life-cycle analysis of new automobile technologies.  Energy Laboratory Report # MIT EL-00-003, available at